Provisional List of Birds of the Rio Tahuayo areas, Loreto, Peru


 Compiled originally by Carol R. Foss, Ph.D. and Josias Tello Huanaquiri.

Based on expeditions from Tahuayo Lodge and Amazonia Research Center. These areas are all in the lowlands at 150–350 metres. The majority of western Amazonia. Though there are numerous subhabitats within this altitude range. (The Tahuayo primates are here.) Currently the bird listing includes 605 species {16 Austral migrants, 27 Boreal migrants, 3 Passage migrants, 2 Intratropical migrants, 1 Nonbreeding seasonal}.

Taxonomy and nomenclature are updated in places from the older The Birds of Ecuador: Field Guide by Robert S. Ridgely and Paul J. Greenfield and from the newer Birds of Northern South America (2007) by Robin Restall. Order is mainly reordered to Clements latest update of world species. This is a reordering from Tahuayo's own list.

Species Latin names in BLUE are linked to calls or call listings. Most birds here are linked to the Macauley recordings search listing at Cornell labs, and most to single recordings. (MAC links.) Some are linked to Xeno Canto's search listing when recordings are rare. This is the Tahuayo list from Xeno collection. Recordings from the Macauley site when linked to single recordings can be expanded on the pages there to show the full recordings list for that species. IBC links have video and images and a few call links.

Bracketed numbers {AAA:BB} are plate and bird numbers from Birds of Peru. This is the revised and updated edition, 2007: Schulenberg, Stotz, Lane, O’Neill, Parker. Frequencies (LR to C) are taken from this book unless modified by Tahuayo lodge itself.

Other lists on the website including the full east slope list from Wild Sumaco is here (unmodified). And the original list link from the Napo Wildlife center here. A specific bird list for the higher elevation Yanacocha Trust is here. San Isidro area list on the east side above Sumaco is here. And a shortened and location divided list for San Isidro and Guango is here. Also the list for the La Selva Lodge in lowland Ecuador is here. And La Selva's newer list with site localities within La Selva area is here. That list has reference plate pages to Birds of Ecuador. Note that it is not in Clements order and has some older scientific names. Xeno page for La Selva recordings. Papallacta Pass list is here.

Section (click to jump to the section):

Antbirds, Finches, Hummingbirds, Manakins, Ovenbirds, Parrots, Puffbirds, Raptors, Tanagers, Thrushes, Toucans, Tyrant Flycatchers, Woodcreepers, Woodpeckers, Wrens


Great Tinamou Tinamus major [FC] {1:3} The first Tinamou I ever heard. And the first I ever saw in person. The classic ringing rising "Werrrr whoooOOoo, whereeee whoooooOOoo."

White-throated Tinamou Tinamus guttatus [FC] {1:4} Slightly smaller than Great. Spots on back, creamier with scaling on head. Reverberant hollow whistled "Whooooo,  whoooooooo."

Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus [C] {2:1} Overall dark bird. Clear single whistles "wheeeeet."

Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui [FC] {2:2} Quavering single note. "wheeeoouuuu."

Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus [C] {2:4} White throated with fine barring over back. "Whoo.....whoo whooee?" Easily the dominant caller in Tahuayo area in August. We heard only the Great otherwise.

Variegated Tinamou Crypturellus variegatus [FC] {2:5} Strong rufous barring on back and wings. "Whooo....who who who who wee weee wee wee wee."

Bartlett's Tinamou Crypturellus bartletti [FC] {2:6} Highly color variable but stronger barring than undulatus. "Peee...peee..... peeee.....peeeee....peeEE..." Ringing with very slow increase in speed.



Horned Screamer Anhima cornuta [FC] {26:1} [4:2] Unearthly, unbelievable call. Like dueting badly blown clarinets. Everyone with ears needs to hear this.



Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus [VR] {8:1}

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors [U Boreal Migrant Oct-Apr] {7:5}

Muscovy Duck Cairina moschata [U] {6:5}



Speckled Chachalaca Ortalis guttata [FC] {9:2} 20 inch birds, smaller than all of the below. They make sheer racket. Like mad hogs or insane roosters. "Uhn uhn uhn  uhn   whakkitt-ee-pooop, whakkitt-eee-poooop."

Common (Blue-throated) Piping-Guan Pipile cumanensis  [LFC] {11:1} [9:8} 28 inch birds. Crosses rivers in long glides. Upper secondaries washed with white. High pitched rising whistles. Escalating up the scale to beyond hearing. "oyee oyee weee weee weeEE WEEEEEEE."

Spix's Guan Penelope jacquacu [FC] {10:6} 32 inch birds, partially arboreal. Alarms loudly and crashes through the trees. The only brown Cracid around. Lion like "Rowww, rowww,    roowwww uhhh   rooowwwwww."

Wattled Curassow Crax globulosa  [R] {11:7} Wattled hairdo both sexes. Now almost extirpated.

Razor-billed Curassow Mitu tuberosum  [R] {11:4} High ridged red bill. All Curassow species now extremely rare.



Marbled Wood-Quail Odontophorus gujanensis [U] {9:4} Mapped out by voice only as they are virtually impossible to see. Two noted dueting male and females. 

Starred Wood-Quail Odontophorus stellatus  [FC]{9:6 } Rufous crown and breast both sexes. Voicing very different from above.



Jabiru Jabiru mycteria [R] {5:3} Soaring and along large rivers.

Wood Stork Jabiru Mycteria americana [U] {5:2}



Anhinga Anhinga anhinga [U] {22:5}



Cocoi (White-necked) Heron Ardea cocoi  [FC] {23:1} Great Blue equivalent for the area. Immatures can be mistaken for GBH but the North American bird is not well documented in the western Amazon if it occurs at all. 

Great Egret Ardea alba [FC]{24:2} Status in August changed. Many birds flying over at dusk. Large collection seen on flats at Iquitos.

Snowy Egret Egretta thula  [FC] {25:1}

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea [R Mainly Boreal] {25:2}

Cattle Egret Egretta ibis [FC] {24:1}

Striated Heron Butorides striata [FC] {25:4} Like a grayish toned version of our Green. Status changed on our August visit with many birds seen along the Tahuayo river runs.

Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum  [U] {23:4}

Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus  [R] {25:6} Solitary, dark, Least Bittern sized. Skulky. Odd "owwwahh" noises.

Agami Heron Agamia agami [R] {23:5}

Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus  [FC] {24:5} Distinctive cap and creamy neck with a white body.

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax [R] {24:7}

Boat-billed Heron Cochlearius cochlearius [U] {24:4}



Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis [U] {26:5}

Roseate Spoonbill Ajaia ajaja [LR] {23:6}



Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura [C]  {27:2}

Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus [C] {27:4} Note wing darkening differences from Turkey Vulture in flight.

Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus [LU] {27:3} Glides low and rocks. No dark distal windows in the primaries from below as in Greater. Open habitats, large rivers and lakes and grasslands.

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus [C]  {27:1}

King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa [U]  {28:1}



Osprey Pandion haliaetus [FC Boreal] {41:1}

Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis [U]  {29:2}

Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus [U] {33:1}

Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus [FC]  {29:1}

Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii  [LR] {29:5}

Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis [LR] {30:2}

Slender-billed Kite Rostrhamus hamatus [R] {35:3} A Snail Kite without any white.

Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus [U] {32:2}

Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea [FC] {30:3} 

Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus [R] {31:1} 11 inch females just smaller than Sharpies. No Sharpies here. Often specializes in hummers.

Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor [R] {31:4} 18 inch females, usually with reddish femoral coverts, grayish below, strongly barred tail. Grayed on hind neck than adult GBH. Juveniles with a strong white collar, no orange or red on neck.

Gray-bellied Hawk Accipiter poliogaster [R Austral] {31:3.5} 18 inch females. No red on legs or belly feathers. Wider tail bars than Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon which adult resembles. Adults with yellow eyes as opposed to SBFF. Juveniles colored like Ornate Hawk-Eagles. Call in its full form is distinctive.

Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens [U] {30:1} River edges. White curved lunules at the base of the primaries. Juveniles appear long legged with orange legs. Strong white bars in tail.

Slate-colored Hawk Leucopternis schistaceus [FC] {35:4} Single white bar in tail in adult. Juveniles with two. Bright red-orange legs. Colored like a Rostrhamus otherwise with red-orange face.

White-browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli [R] {34:4} Orange red eye and orange bill base. White brow mark as per name. Smaller than White Hawk with tail barred, not just tipped. White is dark eyed. And White Hawk not listed for the area but is present in northern lowlands of Peru.

Great Black Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga [FC] {36:2} Yellow feet, base of tail half white in adult. Wings will appear all dark in lower light. No Solitary Eagles in Tahuayo.

Black-collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis [U] {36:4} Collared in adult and juvenile. Often perches low and stays near water. Does soar. Adult in flight is essentially unmistakable.

Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris [C] {37:4}

Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus [U Boreal Oct-Mar] {37:4}

Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus [R] {37:5} Adults like grayed out Broad-wings. Grays are resident in the lowlands however. Juveniles with thicker, stronger breast markings than juvenile BWH.

Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus [U] {37:2}

Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus [R] {40:1}

Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis [R] {41:3} Surpassed in size only by Harpy at 34 inches average. Does sometimes soar unlike Harpy. Juveniles very close to Harpy but Harpy with darker primary tips. 5 to 8 inches shorter than Harpy. Dark morph is rare but with all black head.

Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja [R] {41:4} Almost never soars. Juveniles with darker primary tips compared to rest of wing.

Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizastur melanoleucus [R] {29:3} 22 inch birds. Black eye mark with bright yellow eye. Like White Hawk (not verified for Tahuayo) in flight with a multi-barred tail. 3 to 4 inches larger than White.

Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus [U] {35:2} Looks very long tailed in flight. Both adult and juvenile look very black-white barred everywhere from beneath. Feathered to the ankles. Adult with fine white belly bars.

Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus [U] {41:2} 23 inch birds. Juvenile with strongy barred flanks from below in flight.



Black Caracara Daptrius ater [FC] {42:2} Lanky dark Caracara look. Red-faced, single white mid-tail bar.

Red-throated Caracara Ibycter americanus [U] {42:1} White belly with white-black wings. Large white terminal tail band. Screeches, screams and caterwauls.

Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima [FC] {42:4} Open habitats and riverine.

Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans [U] {32:1} Forest borders, perches in the open.

Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis [C] {32:4} 3 or 4 tail bands. 13 inch birds. Both Barred and Lined significantly smaller than Collared and Buckleys. Quite a bit more common than Lined by guides. Adult is brown backed. Eye not notably paler than surrounding skin in adult. Three to four note sequences mainly of "kyews" or "whews".

Lined Forest-Falcon Micrastur gilvicollis [R] {32:3} 1 or 2 tail bands. 13 inch birds. Adult very pale eyed. And gray backed. Sequences of "kyuh" and "kuh" growing louder.

Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon Micrastur mirandollei [R] {33:4} No collar, no white facial mark. 17 inch birds. Higher and faster than Collared. Next to last note drawn and rising.

Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus [R] {33:2} 22 inch bird like a large Buckley's. Human sounding "aww" doubled and in rising sequence.

Buckley's Forest-Falcon Micrastur buckleyi [R] {33:3} 17 inch bird. Strong wrap around collar. Shorter sequence than the larger Collared. "ah oW OWW......aw."

Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis [FC] {44:2}

Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus [R] {44:1} Females 4 to 5 inches longer than Bat Falcon. Juveniles look like dark tailed Peregrines. Call different from Bat.

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus [R Boreal]  {44:3} Mainly along large rivers during Boreal visit to Amazonian lowlands. Mostly dark subspecies in Tahuayo area.



Sunbittern Eurypyga helias [U] {45:3} Streams and rivers mainly but sometimes interior forest pools. Walks shorelines.



Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor [LR] {46:4}

Chestnut-headed Crake Anurolimnas castaneiceps MAC [U] {46:5} Red head and chest plate. Like Black-banded with no belly bars and green legs.

Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exilis MAC [LU] {48:5} Like a Black Rail with no barring on the back.

Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius [FC] {48:2} White throat and underbelly, between red sides.

Black-banded Crake Laterallus fasciatus [R] {48:1} Red-legged compared to CHC above.

Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea [FC] {45:5}

Red-winged Wood-Rail Aramides calopterus [LR] {45:6} Voice not yet identified?? Wow.

Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata [LU]  {49:3}

Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica [FC]  {49:2}

Azure Gallinule Porphyrio flavirostris [R Nonbreeding visitor Jan-June] {49:1}



Sungrebe Heliornis fulica [U] {8:5} Solitary on oxbows, highly aquatic, usually under overhanging vegetation. Ours were seen on the river, all beyond the ARC stretch. Mostly quiet but some barking "coo coo coo-AH" and "coo-ah  coo-ah" notes.



Limpkin Aramus guarauna [R] {24:3} Amazing array of screams and yaps in varied combinations. Usually at dawn.



Pale-winged Trumpeter Psophia leucoptera  [R] {45:2} Undisturbed forests. Prominent white rump. Booming notes and puttering.



Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis [R] {50:5.5} Quite a bit larger than Pied Plover, darker body.

Pied Plover (Lapwing) Hoploxypterus cayanus [FC] {50:5} Large, black-masked with red legs. Wings gray-white-black in flight. Sand bars on the Napo.

Collared Plover Charadrius collaris [C] {52:1} Like a brownish Snowy with pale legs.

American (Lesser) Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica [U Boreal Passage Migrant Aug-Nov Mar-Apr] {51:3} More common in Amazon in the migration months.



Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus [LU] {50:7} Large rivers only in Amazon.



Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana [C] {50:3}



South American Snipe Gallinago paraguaiae [R] {53:2} Only snipe around. Wet grassy areas.

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria  [U Boreal Aug-Apr]  {55:4}

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes  [C Boreal Aug-May]  {55:1}

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca  [FC Boreal Aug-May]  {55:2}

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia  [FC Boreal Aug-Apr]  {55:5}

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos  [C Boreal Aug-May]  {56:6}

Upland Sandpiper Batramia longicauda  [U Passage Migrant Sept-Nov Feb-Apr]  {57:1}

White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis  [U Passage Migrant Oct-Nov Mar-May]  {56:4}

Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus  [FC Boreal Migrant Aug-Apr]  {55:3}

Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis [U Passage Migrant Aug-Oct] {57:2}



Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex [FC] {62:3} 15 inch birds, dark primaries. Gull-like calls.

Yellow-billed Tern Sterna superciliaris [FC] {62:1} "kree" and "kew" notes. Least Tern sized.



Black Skimmer Rynchops niger [FC]  {62:7}



Pale-vented Pigeon  Patagioenas cayennensis [C] {64:6} "whooOOoo up-up-whooOOo up-up-whooOOo" aggressive.

Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plumbea [FC] {64:1} "woo whOOoOO whoOOo" occasionally last note missing.

Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea [FC] {64:2} "WOOP ah-WOOP oo" (hit the foul pole according to Ted).

Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti [FC] {66:3} "cu-WHoop cu-Whoop cu-Whoop...".

Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa [U] {67:1} "POOP POOP POOP POOP...".

Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla [FC] {67:5} Hollow rising singles of "whooOOOoo" repeated.

White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi [FC] {67:4} "who HOOooooo." Doubled and falling off.

Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana [U] {68:1} "wheeEEWW" shorter and less hollow than GFD.

Sapphire Quail-Dove Geotrygon saphirina [U] {68:2} "Wheewwwewww." Descending and higher than RQD.



Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet Touit huetii [R] {74:4} Both Touit species about 6 or 7 inch birds. Big red triangles of wing coverts visible from beneath. Males with blue facial patch and strong white skin around the dark eye. Males also with red lateral tail feathers which females lack. Telegraphic "Brrr brrrtt, brr brrt, brrr brrrt."

Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet Touit purpuratus [R] {74:5} Green underwing coverts unlike above. Both sexes with some red in the tail. Dark eyed with no blue on the face.

Tui Parakeet Brotogeris sanctithomae [FC] {73:3} 7 inch birds, smaller than WWP. Dark red bill, yellow forehead patch with distinct pale eye.

White-winged Parakeet Brotogeris versicolurus [FC] {73:1} Flashy white and yellow wing markings. With large white patch visible from below in the wings.

Cobalt-winged Parakeet Brotogeris cyanoptera [FC] {73:2} Male and female the same. Small orange chin patch. Coverts appear green compared to secondaries and primaries. Rapid fire high "jeet-jeeet".

Orange-cheeked Parrot Pyrilia barrabandi [FC] {74:6} 10 inch parrot. Cheeks more truly orange patched in Peru. Pionus sized. Black headed with burnt orange wing coverts from below. "Kuu weeEET. Wheeet-ieet" sharp and rising.

Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus [C] {75:1} Pionus shaped from below. And the only true Pionus around in the lowlands. Red vented adults. Sharp "cuweett cwweet cweett."

Short-tailed Parrot Graydidascalus brachyurus [FC] {76:1} Large beak, red eyed. Sticks to large rivers. All green from below with shorter and rounded tail compared to the larger Amazonas. "Kreeee keeeeee, kree kii kiii kieeee." Some squeaky hiccoughs and double noted brrrs.

Festive Amazon Amazona festiva [LFC] {76:2} All blue primaries from above, appear dark tipped from below, no red wing patch. Adults with red rump. Tail all greenish from below. As varied in voice as Mealy: growns and growls, trumpets, painful noises "Woooww oh-wooowwww. Uhh ohhhh."

Yellow-crowned Amazon Amazona ochrocephala [U] {76:3} "Oww ohh  oww ohh gWoww, gwooww whoo did itt. Ownn it   ownn ittt." Some very odd mechanical noises. Sometimes owlish sounds.

Orange-winged Amazon Amazona amazonica [U] {76:4} Facial color patches bright yellow. Tail appears orange and yellowish. Not strongly demarcated. Wings similar to Mealy. Faster and squeakier than Mealy. "Chuckk weep weeep. CHuck chuck chuck chuck..." Also various groans and squeaks.

Mealy Amazon  Amazona farinosa [FC] {76:6} Red elbow mark on wing from below. Tail appears two toned with broad paler band at tip. "Kuh CHucckk" also trumpets, squeaks, cell phone noises, painful rasps. Seems to have an endless repertoire.

Blue-winged Parrotlet Forpus xanthopterygius [FC] {73:5} Also blue coverts from below in male. Male feet blacker than DB. And has a smaller blue rump. Impressively high pitched compared to the larger parrots. Like sparrows squeaking "peet peep peet peep peep peet". Sharper and shorter notes than DB.

Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus modestus [U] {73:6} Blue coverts from below in the male. Blue rumped also. Females yellow faced. Even higher pitched scratchy rising, like cardinal chips "whee wheeet whee whee wheee."

Black-headed Parrot Pionites melanocephalus [FC] {74:1} Both Pionites 8 inch birds. Yellow white and then yellow body offset by all dark wings with green coverts from below in flight. Tail also appears dark. "WHheee whee whee wheee" falling off and slowing. Like a hoarse seagull.

White-bellied Parrot Pionites leucogaster [FC] {74:2} Dark wings offset white and yellow body. Calls similar to BHP. Oddly the immatures have some dark cap patching.

Bonaparte's Parakeet Pyrrhura lucianii  [LR] {71:3} Poorly known. Probably a different species from the birds to the east in Brazil. Likely only around the largest rivers. Dark bluish head and red belly spot.

Rose-fronted Parakeet Pyrrhura roseifrons [FC] {71:2} Bright orange and yellow face. Immatures could be confused with Bonaparte's. Some red usually visible by guide images. Not restricted to the rivers, wanders from foothills.

White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalmus [FC] {70:2} Large pale bill. Red facial spotting. Red-yellow wing bend mark from below. Harsh "reeEett reeeeEhtt reet reeettt".

Dusky-headed Parakeet Aratinga weddellii  [C] {70:6} Black beaked. Wings mostly green from below. Yellow vent and lower chest from below in flight making tail look dark green in flight. Thin more insect-like, rusty "ree reee reeeettt eet".

Red-bellied Macaw Orthopsittaca manilata [LC] {69:2} Rufous vent patch. Strong yellow facial patch. High pitched weak "greee greeah grrrree" very different from the Ara calls.

Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna [LFC] {69:1} Unmistakable, all blues and yellows. Repeated rolling "rRAA-A-AAHHt".

Scarlet Macaw Ara macao [LU] {69:3} Yellow secondary patch above where chloroptera is green. Harsh "RAAAHHH" more nasal and throaty than BYM.

Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloroptera [U] {69:6} Bigger than Scarlet. Also rolling "rAAAAed". Slightly higher than above.

Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severa [FC] {69:5} "AAAee AAAeee" shorter, higher and repetitive compared to the big three above.



Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin [C] From La Selva. {79:1} Rough barking noises.



Dark-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus melacoryphus [U] {77:5} Interesting rolling growl that speeds and then the notes become separated into "ohw ohw ohw ohw ohw."

Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus [R Boreal Oct-May] {77:3}

Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana [C] {78:2} Loud "KEEK wahh." Song a rising repeated "wheep   wheep    wheep" series as here.

Black-bellied Cuckoo Piaya melanogaster [U] {78:1} Gray headed, darker on belly than Squirrel. "rhii kid CHOOO." Rolling with slight rattle.

Little Cuckoo Coccycua minuta [U] {78:3} Appears all red and crested. Sounds are sharp "kik" as in this first recording. Some songs here. "meeuuuuh meh meh meh mehmehmehmeew."

Greater Ani Crotophaga major [FC] {78:4}

Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani  [FC] {78:5}

Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia [FC] {77:6} Yellow billed. Stripe backed and stripe tailed. "heww HEEE" two note call repeated.

Pheasant Cuckoo Dromococcyx phasianellus [R] {79:3} Striped throat and upper breast. Call frequently ends in a trilled note.

Pavonine Cuckoo Dromococcyx pavoninus [R] {79:2} Blacker backed than Pheasant. No trills in the whistled call. "too TEE too TEE TEE."

Red-billed Ground-Cuckoo Neomorphus pucherani [R] {79:4}



Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choliba  [C] {81:2} "pu pu pu pu pu pu PUUU".

Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl Megascops watsonii [FC] {81:1} "woo woo woo woo wuu wuuu wuuu wuuu.." repetitive slowly rising slightly.

Crested Owl Lophostrix cristata [U] {82:1} Often just single "wheeoOOw" notes.

Spectacled Owl Pulsatrix perspicillata [FC] {82:2} Rattling sheet metal call.

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum [FC] {84:5}

Amazonian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium hardyi [LFC] {84:2} Spotted crown. Descending rapid whistle.

Black-banded Owl Strix huhula [U] {82:5} "hu hu huu huu huuut WHEEWW."

Mottled Owl Strix virgata [U] {82:7} Same vocal pattern as Black-banded but less aggressive and quieter.

Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator  [U] {83:2} Apparently no one has recorded the actual full call of this bird. Damn things must never do it. Macauley will drive you nuts on this one. "wooOOo" notes and screeches recorded in many locations. As well as a dog barking two noted noise.



Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus [U] {86:2} Rufous belly equivalent for the lowlands.

Sand-colored Nighthawk Chordeiles rupestris  [FC] {86:3} White triangles above and below on wings.

Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor [U Boreal Oct-Apr] {86:4}

Band-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne leucopyga [LU] {86:6} Dark except base of tail with split white band. "chew, CHEEwunk-WHEEoo" according to Ted.

Nacunda Nighthawk Podager nacunda  [R Austral] {86:5} White normal Nighthawk wing marks and white belly.

Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis [FC] {87:2} "ta WHY oh call."

Ocellated Poorwill Nyctiphrynus ocellatus [U] {87:4} Plucked string call. Sudden "whEEeeewwwow". Two excellent Forest Falcon species recorded on the main linked audio.

Blackish Nightjar Caprimulgus nigrescens [LR] {88:1} "pip pip pips" and "weeURRT weeUrrts" repeated.

Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca [FC] {87:3} Only streamer tail in area. "quueeek" with some rattling whistled noises.



Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis [U]  {85:4} "WAAWWWooo."

Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus [FC] {85:1} "WHAH wahh wooo woo woo woo."

Long-tailed Potoo Nyctibius aethereus [R] {85:3} Tail is proportionately elongated. "rahhOOOooool."

Rufous Potoo Nyctibius bracteatus [R] {85:6} "oww   ow  ow  WUPUPup-up-upp-upp-upp."



White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris [FC] {89:2}

Gray-rumped Swift Chaetura cinereiventris [U] {90:3} Dark ended from below.

Short-tailed Swift Chaetura brachyura  [FC] {90:4} Pale terminus from below.

Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica [R Boreal Oct-Apr] {90:4}

Amazonian Swift Chaetura viridipennis [R] {90:6} Chimney Swift dark from below. No twitter calls.

Pale-rumped Swift Chaetura egregia [LU] {90:2} Sweeter and slower chatter than Gray-rumped. Larger than ST and GR.

Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis [R] {91:1}

Neotropical (Fork-tailed) Palm-Swift Tachornis squamata [FC] {91:2}



Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsutus [FC] {92:3} Rufous lateral tail patches, rufous throat and upper breast.

Long-tailed Hermit Phaethornis superciliosus [C] {94:2} With white streamer tails.

White-bearded Hermit Phaethornis hispidus [FC] {94:1} Darker overall and gray beneath compared to Great-billed. Also streamer tailed.

Needle-billed Hermit Phaethornis philippi [FC] {94:6} Smaller and straight billed. Shorter streamers.

Black-throated (Little) Hermit Phaethornis atrimentalis [LFC] {93:3} Minimal streamer, dusky throated and darker breasted.

Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber [FC] {93:2} Commonest hermit in the area. 3 inch bird, males with dark belly band over rufous. Orange rumped and orange tail tips laterally.

Pale-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes leucurus [U] {92:4} Orange throat patch and impressive white undertail. Large white moustache.

Gray-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus largipennis [U] {95:2} 5 1/4 inch large hummers. With the sabre shaped wing. Green over gray in both sexes. White tipped tails.

White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora [U] {95:5} Distinctive males. Females with scaly and grayed undersides, mainly green otherwise with some subtle tail banding.

Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis [U] {95:7} The only local mango with the typical male/female mango sexual differences. Large aggressive hummers at feeders sometimes.

Festive Coquette Lophornis chalybeus [R] {98:3} White rump band like a thorntail. Throat less scaly in female than female thorntail.

Black-bellied Thorntail Discosura langsdorffi [R] {98:1} Male distinct. Female compare with female Coquette.

Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus [FC] {96:4} 3 inch humer, males green all over. Male black billed and with dark blue slightly notched tail. Female with post eye streak of white and blue tail with white tips.

Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata [FC] {96:2} Female with white tipped, blue tail. Pale breasted. Males distinct in the area.

White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharis cyanus [U] {99:6} Male washed with violet on face and breast, with speckled whitish throat, blue tail and orange-copper rump patch. Females blue tailed with white tips.

Golden-tailed Sapphire Chrysuronia oenone [U] {99:4} Golden bronzy tails in all forms, blue and green dark bodies.

Blue-chinned Sapphire Chloreste notata [LFC] {99:3} Compare to GTE. Tail coverts dark below in this female. Male with dark blue tail and blue reflectives on throat. Female blue tailed as well.

Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata [U] {99:1} White arrow of color between the flanks and throat of striking reflective green. Red billed males and sexes mostly similar. Also very vocal.

Gould's Jewelfront Heliodoxa aurescens [U] {96:6} Sexes similar. Striking multi-color patterns.

Fiery Topaz Topaza pyra [LR] {97:2} Amazonian stunner. Though rare and local in northern amazonia. Would be difficult to mistake in either sex. Male streamer tailed. Female with a fiery throat patch. Flycatches over streams.

Black-throated Brilliant Heliodoxa shreibersii [U] {102:3} Fork tailed dark purple throated stunner of a Heliodoxa.

Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx auritus [U] {110:1} Distinctive Fairy flight with the floppy white edged tail. Short beaked.

Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris [U] {110:2} White flanks. Blue crown, red throat. Darker bellied.

Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystine [U] {110:5} Only woodstar here. Long forked tail in male.



Blue-crowned Trogon Trogon curucui [U] {112:5} Blue over red males, ladder tailed. Females gray over red with distinctive plain gray beak. "Wert wert wert wert wert wert WEhrt WEHRt wert wert wert." Like a slow gull cry.

Green-backed Trogon Trogon viridis [FC] {112:4} Blue over yellow males with extensive white in underside of tail. Pale blue eye ring. Gray over yellow females very similar to violaceus. "Oww oww oww oww choww choww choww chow chow chow" speeding slowly.

Violaceous (Guianan) Trogon Trogon violaceus [R] {112:7} Blue over yellow males. Gray over yellow females. "Welt welt wee-lt wee-lltt wee-lltt wee-putt wee-putt" maintaining steadier cadence than curucui. Double noted as they go.

Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus [U] {112:3} Green over red males with orange beak, all black underside of tail. Males with orange eye ring. "Whooot wo-oot wo-oot wo-oot wo-oot wo-oot wooot woot" owlish, different from all of above.

Collared Trogon Trogon collaris [U] {112:2} Green white red males. "Whi-wiit wheow wheow wheow" almost whistled, higher.

Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus [U] {112:6} Green over yellow males, extensive white beneath tail. Brown over yellow females. "Whoo whout whout whout whout" slower and steady.

Pavonine Quetzal Pharomachrus pavoninus [R] {113:6} "Wheeooow-chort  wheeooww-chort  wheeoow-chort." First note descending, second abrupt like a whistled cough.



Amazonian Motmot Momotus momota [U] {113:1} "whoo-puut    whoo-putt..."

Broad-billed Motmot Electron platyrhynchum [U] {113:3}

Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii [U] {113:4}



Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata  [C] {114:2} Easily the most common KF at Tahuayo area in August.

Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona  [FC] {114:1} Sounds like a Bald Eagle calling.

Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana  [U] {114:3}

Green-and-Rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda [R] {114:5} Forest streams and swamps. Squeaky "swee swee sweeee swee sweet sweet sweet."

American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea [R] {114:4}



White-necked Puffbird Notharchus hyperrhynchus [R] {117:2} 10 inch puffbird. Like a giant Pied with a dark undertail. Long frog trill call.

Brown-banded Puffbird Notharchus ordii [LR] {117:3} Sized between Pied and WN. White bands in tail from below whereas larger WN has dark undertail. Like an excited Red-shouldered Hawk, squeaky.

Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus [R] {117:1} Killdeer whistles. Peeps, spinning down and excited. 6 inch puffbird.


Chestnut-capped Puffbird Bucco macrodactylus [U] {117:5} Three Bucco here. All with dark collars, all 6 to 7 inch birds. This species is a midstory bird in varzea and second growth, terra firme. Likely the most common in the area. Chestnut cap over black-white-black face mask and barred underparts. Simplest call of the three like a flycatcher call, "wheeEEEeuuuuu."

Collared Puffbird Bucco capensis [R] {117:4} Subcanopy and midstory birds. Rufous face and head, black chest bar. Often calls at predawn and dawn, duets. Odd "owww peew  peeww  whee  wee-aww   whew-eww" dawn singing. Like a musical parrot.

Spotted Puffbird Bucco tamatia [R] {117:6} Streams and swamp forest. Dark throat band and wedged spots below. Repetitive and fast "tuu-ee tuu-ee tuu-ee tuu-ee tuu-ee tuu-ee tu-ee" on and on until breathless.


Striolated Puffbird Nystalus striolatus  [R] {118:1} Pretty much streaky all over and very banded tail. Mournful, questioning. "whiii whiie wheEEEee    whii-whoooo."

Rufous-necked Puffbird Malacoptila rufa Xeno [R] {118:2} Red eyed, dark capped. Short dark tail. Bird with a large Brazilian distribution and over into NE Peru. Only one recording on Macauley, very talky recordist. Xeno has several recordings and is finally finished with server move. 4th recording on Xeno captures trilling "tr-r-r-r-r-r-rrr-r-r-r." Sharp noise. Insect-like, very cricket sounding.

Lanceolated Monklet Micromonacha lanceolata [R] {118:4} Center of SA distribution is pretty much in NE Peru. Five inch puffbird, brown headed. Mostly quiet and still. "swee sweee swee sweEEee swEEeee sweee swee sweeee" rising and mewling whistles. Best recordings again on Xeno.


Rusty-breasted Nunlet Nonnula rubecula  [R] {120:2} Five inch birds. Much less rufousy than the RCN.

Rufous-capped Nunlet Nonnula ruficapilla  [R] {120:3} Strong rufous cap.


Black-fronted Nunbird Monasa nigrifrons [C] {119:4} Bright orange beak, all black otherwise. "kee-ruupp kee-rupp kee-rupp cheww-w-w pu-r-r-r" excited and loud.

White-fronted Nunbird Monasa morphoeus [U] {119:6} White chin and facial mark above and below bill base. Similar sound but higher and faster than nigrifrons.

Swallow-winged Puffbird Chelidoptera tenebrosa [C] {119:2} Big white rump patch and white undercoverts on wings from below. Very (painfully) high "wee weee weeeeet" notes.



White-eared Jacamar Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis [FC] {115:5} Status much more common than suggested for the area. Often paired in August when we visited anyway. Prominent white ear patch, large orange beak. Rising and falling rattle, kingfisher like, sometimes dueted. "whe-e-e-e-e-e-e-e-e-rr-r-r-r-r-r-r-r."

White-throated Jacamar Brachygalba albugularis [R] {115:4} Long pale bill and striking white face patch. High and thin sounding "p-p-p pee pee peee pee-e-e-e peeee peeeew."

Blue-cheeked (Blue-necked) Jacamar Galbula cyanicollis Xeno [U] {116:2} Yellow beak. Replaces Yellow-billed on east side of Amazon. Fully red orange belly and throat.

White-chinned Jacamar Galbula tombacea [U] {116:6} Likely rare on the east side of the Amazon. Bronzy on the back with small white chin patch. Call indistinguishable from the BFJ.

Bluish-fronted Jacamar Galbula cyanescens [C] {116:6} Previously thought to replace the White-chinned on east side of Amazon but both occur in the Tahuayo area and we saw both. Mostly green and blue with pale orange belly. Laughing and rolling "whew whew we-we-we wee weee we-e-e-e-e-e-e-e-it."

Paradise Jacamar Galbula dea [R] {115:1} Impressive pointed tail. "KEEYEW keew kew kewee keww."

Purplish (Bronzy) Jacamar Galbula chalcothorax [R] {116:1} Multicolored with prominent triangle of white on throat. Dark billed. Mostly doubled notes after some weeps. "weep weeep weeeep weep-peuurt wee-peurrrt."

Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus [R] {115:2}Large and chunky with heavy bill. Green backed, orange bellied. 12 inch bird. Male with white throat cut. Long whistles trailing off. "heeeee-ooooooo."



Gilded (Black-spotted) Barbet Capito auratus [U] {121:1} Black mask, red to orange throat. "who doo  whoo doo  who doo  who doo  who oop  who oop  whoo opp."

Scarlet-crowned Barbet Capito aurovirens [U] {120:5} Scarlet crowned males, yellow orange throats in both sexes. Black face mask, green back. Large than LTB. Varzea and river island bird. Vibrating "who-oop    who-ooop    who-ooopp     whoo-ooopp    whoo-ooppp."

Lemon-throated Barbet Eubucco richardsoni [U] {121:4} Dark headed and green backed. "cooo co-oo co-oo coooo coooop cooooop."



Chestnut-eared Araçari Pteroglossus castanotis [C] {122:4} Yellow red yellow belly bands. Blue eye patch. Sharp like a tern "tsee-eeikk    tsee-iiekk."

Curl-crested Araçari Pteroglossus beauharnaesii [R] {122:3} "jrrrk jrrrk jrrrk" chatter. "KEEyuck  KEEyuck KEEyuck."

Lettered Araçari Pteroglossus inscriptus [R] {122:1} Plain yellow belly, upper mandible with row of dark vertical markings. Lower mandible all dark. Electrical frogs "grrrt  grerrt grrrt grrrrt."

Ivory-billed Araçari Pteroglossus azara [U] {122:2} Red and black upper chest, lower mandible pale. "reeaaccck  quak  quak   reeackk."

Golden-collared Toucanet Selenidera reinwardtii [U]  {124:1} Only Toucanet. Golden ear and eye patch. "grooow  grooow grooow grooow groooowww." Low and froggish.

White-throated (Cuvier's) Toucan Ramphastos tucanus [C] {124:3} None heard or seen on August visit of either large species. Yelping call. "KEE yu reeep reeep".

Channel-billed (Yellow-ridged) Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus [FC] {124:4} Nearly identical to WT but four to five inches smaller with less bill proportionately. Croaking and descending "keer keer keer" call.



Rufous-breasted Piculet Picumnus rufiventris [U] {126:3} Pic sized. Rufousy.

Bar-breasted Piculet Picumnus aurifrons [U] {125:2} 

Plain-breasted Piculet Picumnus castelnau [FC] {125:3}

Spot-breasted Woodpecker Colaptes punctigula [FC] {128:2} Strong white face patch, spotty breast. "wee wee wee wee wee wee weeiip."


Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula [R] {128:4} Strong yellow throat onto cheeks. High speed hammering. Both these Piculus vocalizations are close. Weird raspy gasp in this species.

Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros [U] {128:6} Distinct yellow moustache both sexes on green face. May be lowest pitched of the gasps.


Chestnut Woodpecker Celeus elegans [FC] {129:2} Appears dark overall for a Celeus.

Scale-breasted Woodpecker Celeus grammicus [FC] {129:4} Paler yellow scaly breast. "wwRIkk-whoo    wwrIIKK-wheewww." Squeeky toy.

Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus [U] {129:6} Distinct cream head and body. Scratchy "peepurrr  pee purr  pee purrr pee puurrrr."

Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus [R] {129:3} Flicker like, black chest shield. Brown ladder back. Piping, scratchy  "chee chee chee chewwwww."


Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus [C] {127:2} Distinct.

Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus [FC] {127:4} Mostly green with barring underneath. Face paler in males than on RSW. "keer keer kik kik kik."

Red-stained Woodpecker Veniliornis affinis [U] {127:3} Green with stronging barring on belly and some red tinge on shoulders. Rapid "ke ke ke ke ke kik ki kik ki kiit kit."


Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus [FC] {130:5} V on back broken at bottom.

Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos [FC] {130:6} V-back complete with white.

Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis [FC] {130:3} Male red neck and head with all black back. "Pp'tuewww" explosive and repeated.



Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincla fuliginosa [U] {131:4} 9 inches, large billed, mostly reddish brown.

White-chinned Woodcreeper Dendrocincla merula [U] {131:5} Definite white chin patch, yellow lower mandible. "pit it it itt itt ittt" sequences like an irritated wren chatter but higher and harsher.

Long-tailed Woodcreeper Deconychura longicauda [U] {131:1} "heer heeer heer heeoor heeoor."

Spot-throated Woodcreeper Deconychura stictolaema [R] {131:2} Both sexes about an inch smaller than LTWC. Very different dry rising trill.

Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapillus [FC] {134:3} Greenish gray over reddish wings and tail.

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper Glyphorynchus spirurus [C] {131:3} Short beak, spot lines on chest.

Long-billed Woodcreeper Nasica longirostris [FC] {135:2} 13 inch impressively beaked bird. "heeeout heeout heeeeout heeeeeoOUT wheeeeOUT wheeeeeeOUT." Nasal and almost sounds like heelpp heelllp. Fairly distinctive.

Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper Dendrexetastes rufigula [U] {135:6} 9 inch, hefty bill for size. Red eyed. Purring rolling rattle. Like a fast Bird-voiced Treefrog that fades and slows, almost a harsh whine at the end.

Strong-billed Woodcreeper Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus [R] {132:1} 12 inch bird with broad dark beak. Series of "Three-peet" hiccoughs with a catbird mewling single call.

Amazonian Barred Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes certhia [U] {132:5} Scaly Barred look. Red tail. Dark eye. Also a whinny like BBW but fades and slows, lower notes at the end. "whi whii whiiy whiiy whiy whi  whii  whiiy   wheew   wheeeww    wh-wh-wh     whiiit." Odd nasal call like a Sapsucker but whinier.

Black-banded Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptes picumnus [U] {132:4} Barred beneath horizontally with pale skeletal lines away from face. "whi whii whiiy whiiy whiy whi whii whiiy wheew wheeeww whit whit whit whiiit." Whinnying. Faster. More Gray Treefrog patterned compared to Amazonian Barred call.


Zimmer's Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus kienerii [R] {133:1} Pale billed. More rufous in wings and tail than SBW. Likely only along major river courses. Drawn trill falling off slightly. Much faster than SBW.

Straight-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus picus [FC] {133:2} Very pale bill, streak headed. "kiip   kiip" and "chi chi chew chew che che chew chew chewww chewwwww."

 Striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus obsoletus [U] {133:3} Similar to SBWC, broader streaks extending onto back. Both pale billed. Rapid rising trill "tre tr-tr-tr ttree tr tr tre tree tee-ee ee ee eee   ewww."

Ocellated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus ocellatus [U] {133:4} Like Striped with dark beak. Slower that Striped, down and then back up. "chip chi chupp chee chee chii chii chuu chu chu chu-chheap."

Elegant (Spix's) Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus elegans [C] {133:5} Dark beaked also, compare Ocellated voice. Rich ringing descending call. Bouncing, laughing. "Tii chii chiii chiii chiiiee chiieee chiieee chiieee chee chee cheew cheeww chew chew chew chew."

Buff-throated Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus guttatus [C] {132:2} Strong eye stripe, buff throat, long mid sized beak. "Chee ewww       chert per pe per PEER PEER per per ert chert chert chert chert cher chert."


Lineated Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes albolineatus [U] {134:6} 8 inch bird. Eye line behind eye and white with black margined breast streaks. Descending and speeding. "tip tee tee tee te te te ti-ti-ti tiuuu."

Red-billed Scythebill Campylorhamphus trochilirostris [R] {135:3} Bill distinct except for below species, long and curved. Back streaked as opposed to CBS. "Wee weee weee weee weee weee weeep wooo."



Short-billed Leaftosser Sclerurus rufigularis [U] {154:3} High sharp "tseeps" mostly. "Tee tee te te tuu tuu tu tiii." Descending.

Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus [U] {154:4} Long beak, not much throat contrast. "PEEe pEee pEee peee peee peeee peee peeee." Whistled high and descending.

Black-tailed Leaftosser Sclerurus caudacutus [U] {154:2} Darker tailed, white throat patch. Medium bill length. "CHEP pee peee ppeeee peeee peeeee." Woodpecker note followed by an agitated American Robin. Cheps sometimes repeated before the high note series. Mostly descending on the high notes speeding at the end.


Pale-legged Hornero Furnarius leucopus [C] {156:3} River edge forest and muddy ground. Amazonian call is distinguishable from PBH.

Pale-billed Hornero Furnarius torridus [U] {156:1}

Lesser Hornero Furnarius minor [LC] {156:2} A ground walker, bobs head. A river island specialist. "Pip pi pi pi pip pi pi p p p p pip" descending like a laugh.


Dark-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albigularis  [FC] {142:4} Rufous capped with white throat over some black. "Dick de de dee de d d d d d." Descending bouncy.

Plain-crowned Spinetail Synallaxis gujanensis  [FC] {142:2} Has no black on the white throat. White lore mark in front of the eye. Rufous winged as the other Synallaxis. Squeaky "Kee-uhh  wheh, kee-uhh  wheh." Sometimes just "Kee uhh." 

Ruddy Spinetail Synallaxis rutilans [U] {143:4} Rich ruddy adults with a dark throat patch. "Chick-pUuueeeh, chick-pUuueeh, chick-pUuueeeh." Essentially endless.

White-bellied Spinetail Synallaxis propinqua  [LC] {142:6} Uniform grayish head with dark throat. Paler overall with black and white throat marks. Wren like harsh "Djrr djr djr djr djr djj djj djah djah djah" bouncing and fast chatter.


Parker’s Spinetail Cranioleuca vulpecula  [U] {144:3} River islands and rivers. Some white streaking on browner belly, whitish throat. Rufous over much of back and tail and nape. Woodpecker like "Tyew tyew tyew, tyew tyew tyew" often in trios. Harsh and smacking.

Speckled Spinetail Cranioleuca gutturata [LU] {145:2} Dark speckled breast. Strong pale eye brow line. Rufous capped. Ultra high pitched "Tsee tseee tseeeee tseeeeeee tseee." Some buzzy accent notes at the end sometimes.

Red-and-white Spinetail Certhiaxis mustelinus [FC] {144:2} Sounds like a Laterallus crake.

Plain Softtail Thripophaga fusciceps [U] {144:4} Uniform coloration. Rarely mixes with other birds apparently. Has a hanging nest instead of using holes. "Tch tchr tchr tchh tchh tch tch tch tch t t t t." Rapid bouncing descent like an antwren.

Orange-fronted Plushcrown Metopothrix aurantiaca [U] {144:5} Warbler sized and warbler looking. Orange legged at close range. Canopy dweller in second growth. High pitched "pseet  pseet   pseeet   pseet."

Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri [L Restricted] {151:1} Striking zebra bird with red wings and tail. Restricted to palms in flooded forest. Pileated Woodpecker rhythm. But sharper. "Ttu tu tu tu tu ti tu ti tu ti ti ti ti ti ti." Rising up and speeding.

Chestnut-winged Hookbill Ancistrops strigilatus [FC] {150:2} Streaky back and head with buffy streaked crown. A tangle and vine lover. Long rising sustained trill. Unending on some of the recordings.

Striped Woodhaunter Hyloctistes subulatus [U] {151:2} Double whistled "hEEer-hear, Heer-hear." Repeated.


Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-Gleaner Philydor pyrrhodes [U] {151:4} Much more cinnamon on throat and belly than RRFG. Wing contrast much stronger with dark wings in this species. Makes an amazing rising trill. "trrrrrUUEEEEEEEEEEE."

Rufous-rumped Foliage-Gleaner Philydor erythrocercum [U] {150:3} Rufous extends from tail to rump. Very little contrast between wings and body. Creamy throat, strong pale eye line. "tre tree TREE TREE tre tree tre tre teh teh teh" harsh and rusty, rising and falling.

Chestnut-winged Foliage-Gleaner Philydor erythropterum [U] {150:1} Compare with Hookbill above. And bigger with less eyeline than above two species. Much less streaky on back and head than Hookbill. Very bright chestnut wings. Canopy and end-branch lover. Double noted wren scold "treh treeh" and a trill.

Rufous-tailed Foliage-Gleaner Philydor ruficaudatum [U] {150:5} Slightly larger than RRFG. Rufous stops at tail top. "perp perp per per per per perp" lower and less raspy than RRFG. Like Carolina Wren chatter.


Olive-backed Foliage-Gleaner Automolus infuscatus [FC] {152:6} Rufus tail set off from back. Dark streaked crown. Call is a sharp almost pure "hic-cupp." Like a hiccough from a Red-bellied Woodpecker. "r'rr'r'r'r'r'r'r'r'ruh" steady to slightly falling trill like a wren scold extended.

Buff-throated Foliage-Gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus [C] {152:4} Dark eyed and pale eye ring. "WEE weeh weeh wehr werh wuup." Falling and whiny. Distinct. Usually 5 or 6 notes and complete.

Chestnut-crowned Foliage-Gleaner Automolus rufipileatus [FC] {152:2} "t't'trr'r'r'r'r'r'r'rr" descending rattle.

Ruddy Foliage-Gleaner Automolus rubiginosus [LU] {152:1} 8 inch birds. Overall ruddy with dark eye. "kehhr-EHHTT   kehhr- EHHHT   kehhr-EHHHT."


Slender-billed Xenops Xenops tenuirostris [R] {155:1} Less striped body. Strong facial stripes up and down. "tseep  tseep  tseeep tseeep tssip." Very high pitched.

Plain Xenops Xenops minutus [FC] {155:2} "tssseeep tseeeeEEp tseeEEEp TSEEP TSEEP." Stronger and faster than SBX.

Rufous-tailed Xenops Xenops milleri [R] {155:6} 4 inch bird red wings and tail with strongly striped head and body. "ttchchchCHCHCHchchchch eeerrrrrr" rising and falling rattle.




{spacing for larger genera}

Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus [FC] {157:2} Much smaller than Undulated. "weEEW wheeew whEEWW whEEWW WHEEWWWoo." Rising slowly.

Undulated Antshrike Frederickena unduligera Xeno [R] {158:5} Stonger crest and darker males than Fasciated. High pitched, rising sustained "Wheet whee whee whee whee wheee wheee wheeeet." Sounds like a slow seagull or an angry hawk.

Great Antshrike Taraba major [FC] {156:5} Bouncing ball "tchhrrrt tchrrt tchrrt..." followed by and odd "whuuaaaaat."

Black-crested Antshrike Sakesphorus canadensis [R] {156:4} Smaller than Great. Female streak headed. Both sexes dark eyed instead of red eyed. "urrrl errr uhhr uhrrr uhrr uhhrr."


White-shouldered Antshrike Thamnophilus aethiops Xeno [U] {159:3} Male with white shoulder mark, red eye. Like a less marked Castelnau's. Females mostly rufus whereas Castelnau female is black. "aww awww awww awww awwwwt." Forest Falcon sounding.

Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus [FC] {157:4} 6 inch bird. Females very rufous. Agitated "wert werrt werrt werrt wer wer werper DEEHH."

Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus [U] {161:6} River edge forest bird. Female with black and white wing markings. Male with no dark cap and strong wing covert markings. Accelerating and slowing call with tones like a Gray Treefrog.

Castlenau's Antshrike Thamnophilus cryptoleucus [U] {159:5} River Island bird. Strong white secondary and wing coverts white edgings. White back dots also. Female with back dots, dark winged. Rapid bouncing call with notes as "kwuk  kwuk   kwuk kwuk kwuk kukukuku kwuuuuuh."

Mouse-colored Antshrike Thamnophilus murinus [U] {159:1} Terra firme bird. Soft gray males with some minimal covert markings. Female more brownish. "Eeew    eeew    eeew  whew-dOOoooo."

Plain-winged Antshrike Thamnophilus schistaceus [C] {159:2} Slaty gray males with no wing marks, dark cap. Females reddish brown. More notes per male series than MCA. "Peehhr  peehhr  peer peer peer peer pee-doOoo."


Spot-winged Antshrike Pygiptila stellaris [FC] {161:2} Black cowled gray males with extensive wing spotting. Females rufous-winged and dark backed with no wing spotting. Song a stuttering frog-like "p-p-p-p-p-p-p-PEER."

Saturnine Antshrike Thamnomanes saturninus [U] {162:3} Male with strong black throat. Females with white throat patch. "grret greeet greet gree gree gree greee."

Bluish-slate Antshrike Thamnomanes schistogynus [FC] {162:2} Female with gray head and red orange breast, distinct from Saturnine. Male without any black throat. "dreet dreet  ti-ti-ti-ttt-t-t-t-t-t-t-t."

Black Bushbird Neoctantes niger [U] {174:2} [159:1] 16 cm males jet black and large beaked. Females with large red breast patch. "Wee   wee   weee  weee   weeee    weeee..." on and on.


Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura [C] {164:2} [160:1] Ten in this genus here. Split easily into two groups. These first five are streaky. 8.5 cm birds with the shortest tails of the streaked Myrmotherulas occurring here. Tail is also edged with white. Fainter moustache than the next bird. Females with yellow wash. "Turr turr turr ti ti ti ti ti ti ti." ti ti ti ti call given alone sounds like a fast titmouse call.

Moustached Antwren Myrmotherula ignota Xeno [LC] {164:1} Both sexes with some yellowing. Almost unstreaked on the yellow breasts. Clear white (cream or yellowed in female) cheek patch above the dark moustache. "Tuipp tuiipp tuip tuip tui tui ti ti ti ti tit ti." Bouncing down rhythm much clearer and cleaner than Pygmy.

Stripe-chested Antwren Myrmotherula longicauda IBC [U] {164:3} Males with no yellow, pure black and white like our warbler. Females orange washed. Live birds show orange wash stops more abruptly than Birds of Peru drawing. Larger than the above two birds. And with a more normal length tail proportion. "tee-tip tee-tip tee-tip tee-tip" steady.

Sclater's Antwren Myrmotherula sclateri [FC] {164:4} Yellow in both sexes with yellow extending up onto the wing coloring as well. Throat is yellow with white throats in the Pygmy and Moustached. "wheww  wheeew  wheeww  wheew  wheew" slow like a trogon.

Amazonian Streaked Antwren Myrmotherula multostriata [FC] {164:6} Male with no yellow. No cheek patches. Even throat is streaked. Female head burnished red brown to orange. Both sexes far more streaked beneath. "Tr r r rrr rrr rrr rrr rrr rr reeeeeehh." Trilled and rising. Call a nasal "eeew eww."


Plain-throated Antwren Myrmotherula hauxwelli [U] {175:5} No black on throat of either sex. Gray over light gray males with wing spotting in both sexes. Female belly burnished cream red almost orange with slightly darker back. Mostly secondary spotting. Follows streams and stays close to the ground. Rising raspy "Brree bree brree brreez breez breez breez bre bre bre."

White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris [C] {166:2} Both sexes strongly white flanked. Female creamy brown. Repetitive "cheu-cheu cheu cheu cheu-chu chu cheeww chu chu."

Long-winged Antwren Myrmotherula longipennis [FC] {165:4} Males with large black bib and wing marked mainly over secondary tips. Females as plain as it gets, no wing marks. Song is a rising sequence harsh on the second notes. "Durr-eee dur-eee dur-eee dureeee dureEee durreeEee."

Leaden Antwren Myrmotherula assimilis IBC [U] {165:1} No black throat in males. Female with white wing bars. "tew tew tew tew te-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t-t." Descending trill.

Gray Antwren Myrmotherula menetriesii [FC] {165:2} No bib or throat patch in male north of Amazon, south male has a small black bib. Female gray backed with very muted creamy wing markings. Both sexes dark eyed. "Wheee whee whee whee whee wheeee wheee," accelerating and rising notes.


Stipple-throated Antwren Epinecrophylla haematonota [U] {163:6} Both sexes throat marked. Female mainly with stripes. Call is high pitched in Blackburnian level, quavering descent. "Tee tee tee tee te te te te tee tee."

Rufous-tailed Antwren Epinecrophylla erythrura IBC [U] {163:1} Essentially no chin or throat markings. Female is also plain throated. Rufous from tail to back of head in both sexes. Male looks like the female to another species. Song high and off pace, descends slowly. "Whee  whee  wheee  wheeet  wheeet wheee whee whee." Also a spluttery rattle.


Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis [U] {168:5} Both sexes flashy black and white birds. "whit cheet CHEET CHEET CHet chit chit chit chit." They have a repertoire of notes in shorter forms.

Chestnut-shouldered Antwren Terenura humeralis [U] {166:4} Rufous chestnut back and rump. Strong eyeline with a pale face. "tew tew tew tew ti ti ti ti ti-t-t-t".

Banded Antbird Dichrozona cincta [R] {170:5} Forest floor walker. Short tailed, strong wingbars, black spotting on the chest. "Pee peee peeeee peeeeee peeeeEE peeEEEEEE peeeEEEEEEE" for up to 10 or 12 beats. Rising up as it goes and whistled notes growing longer.


Gray Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens [C] {169:2} Not much paler than the next two Cercomacra. Males much less wing marked. Tail white tipped both sexes with white spots from below. Very vocal pairs. "Djurr-whEEeyyw djurr-whEEeeyyw djirr-whEEeyyww." Double noted phrases repeated like a buzzy cuckoo.

Blackish Antbird Cercomacra nigrescens 2nd [U] {169:3} Paler eyed than Black. Females much paler overall than the other two Cercomacra. Attends Army ants. "twa Twa CHEEER-E-E-E-E-E-RRR." Machine gun extended cheer's after variable number of twa or tew buildups to the end.

Black Antbird Cercomacra serva [U] {169:4} Red-eyed in both sexes. Dense undergrowth birds. Bouncier call. "Churtt churt churt chEEt CHEET."


Black-faced Antbird Myrmoborus myotherinus [C] {170:2} Strong red eye, black cheek and chin mark in male, bordered above by white. Females white chinned with black mask.  Understory Terra Firme birds. "Djeeer djeeer djeer djeer djeerr djeer djeer djeer." Mostly falling downward and slowing slightly. Ash-breasted Antbird M. lugubris possible in area. No wing markings in either sex. Lacks white facial border above mask. Islands only.

White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys IBC [C] {170:4} Very sexually dimorphic. Female with orange brow. Male striking white brow over black chin and all blue gray otherwise. Understory, second growth, forest bird. "WEE wEEee wee  wee  wee  weee  wee wee brr  brrr  brr brrr." Slowing descending whinny.

Ash-breasted Antbird Myrmoborus lugubris [C] {170:1} Also strongly dimorphic. River Island bird. Male red eye in black face with gray otherwise. Female brown rufous back and black face. Also red eyed. "JEE jee jee jeee  jeee   jeee   jeeee    jee jeewww." Slowing and growing harsher.

Black-tailed Antbird Myrmoborus melanurus Xeno [R] {170:3} Virtually a Peruvian endemic. Males all black with white wing markings mostly wingbars. Red eyed. Females rufous brown over white belly with the same white wing bar markings. "djee djee djeee djEE djEeee dje dje dje dje dje." Crescendo then speeding and falling off.


Band-tailed Antbird Hypocnemoides maculicauda [FC] {174:3} Found in vegetation over water. White tipped tail in both sexes. Black throated males. "hee heee HEE HEE hew hew hew djew djew djeww djewww." Rises and then ends with buzzy notes.

(Peruvian) Warbling-Antbird Hypocnemis peruviana  [FC] {168:2} Rufous sided, creams and blacks without yellows. Like the Long-tailed of the mountains with a short tail. "Djee djee djee djee djee   djeerhh  djeerrhh   djeerrhhrr." Slowing and buzzier.

Yellow-browed Antbird Hypocnemis hypoxantha [U] {168:1} "Djeet djeet djeet djeet djeet djeet djeet." Fairly flat across the call, slowing slightly.

Black-and-White Antbird Myrmochanes hemileucus [FC] {174:5} "Pupppppppprrr ppppupprrrrrrrrr" bouncing descending notes.

Slate-colored Antbird Schistocichla schistacea [U] {171:1} Like a darkened SWA. Both sexes similar to that species but female more uniform brownish red even in face. Slow rising whistles "heww heew hew heww heww hew."

Spot-winged Antbird Schistocichla leucostigma [U] {171:2} Dark eyed and uniform dark males. Females with red-brown body, very gray faced. "Ti-ti-ii-i-i-i-e-e-e-e-E-eer." Rising and then slowing.

Silvered Antbird Sclateria naevia [FC] Xeno {174:1} White throat chin and breast with gray offset back. Females brownish, same pattern. "Wheeee wee wee weee weee weee wee weee weee" accelerating and rising throughout, vibrato.


Chestnut-tailed Antbird Myrmeciza hemimelaena [C] {171:4} Males highly contrasted with rufous tails, white bellies and black chin with gray head. Strong wing markings in white. Females retain wing markings but muted chestnut and brown. "TEE TEE tee tee te te te doo."

Plumbeous Antbird Myrmeciza hyperythra [FC] {172:2} These three bare eye-patched birds have very different calls. This one has secondary wing spots and a large pale eye patch. Rapid fire burring "Wrr wrr wrr wrr wrr wrrr wrrr wrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr." Accelerating.

White-shouldered Antbird Myrmeciza melanoceps [FC] {172:4} Whistle, very different, sounds very much like our titmouse call. "Wrr wrrr whe-rrt wheee-rrt whee-rrt whee rrrttt." Slowing at the end two notes throughout.

Sooty Antbird Myrmeciza fortis [U] {172:1} No secondary spots. Small white shoulder mark. "Peee peewww pEEeeew pEEeee peee peee peee peeeeeee." Rising whistled notes.

Black-throated Antbird Myrmeciza atrothorax [FC] {171:5} Dark males with wing spots. Brown backed and black throated. Female rufousy and gray tailed. "Ti ti ti tee tee tEee tEEee teee tiipp." Rising and with accentuated final note.


White-throated Antbird Gymnopithys salvini Xeno [U] {173:5} Terra firme bird. Another strong sexual dimorph. Males gray with strong white eyeline and chin. Females browns and rufous with excellent banded tail. "rhEEE   rheee  rheeee   rheee rheeea  rheeerr." Descending calls. Sounds like a Bare-eye.

Hairy-crested Antbird Rhegmatorhina melanosticta [R] {173:2} "WEE weee wee wee djjrr djjrr." Whistles and then buzzy downward djjjrs.

Dot-backed Antbird Hylophylax punctulata [R] {175:1} [171:4] Whiter face mask in both sexes compared to Spot-backed. White spots on female back. "WeEEe peeuuuww,  WeEEe peEeuuww, weee peEeuw." Doubled and repetitive.

Spot-backed Antbird Hylophylax naevius [U] {175:2} Gray faced. More yellows and creams over the back and tail of male than Dotties. Yellow spots on female's back. "Wee tee-wEee tee-weEe tee-wEee tee-wEee tee-wEee tee-wee tee-wee chip."

Scale-backed Antbird Willisornis poecilonotus [C] {175:3} Truly white scales on dark back. Females with orange rufous bellies. "Heee hewweeee heweee heweee hewee hee heEEeee heEEEee." Slow rising whistles up the scale.

Black-spotted Bare-eye Phlegopsis nigromaculata [U] {172:6} Red bare eye area. Sexes similar and they look two toned compared to next bird. Both are true ant followers. Both are tail fanners. "He-e-EEee-ewwww, he-e-eeEe-eeeewww eeww  heee-ewewwww" descending and buzzy notes like buzz saws are interspersed.

Reddish-winged Bare-eye Phlegopsis erythroptera [R] {172:5} Distinct sexual differences. Both red bare eyed.  "RhEE whEeee wheee where where wheh-unhh." Much higher pitched than above. No buzzing notes. Sometimes long pauses between the 5 to 6 note series of falling notes.



Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma [U] {176:5} "Teh tu tu tu tu tu tu tu tu tu tu t eee ee ee e e e e" described as froglike rapid fire piping slowing and descending to a last up rise.

Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis [C] {176:7} "Tehrt     tu tu tu tu tu tu tu toot," first note followed by a pause and then a spinning wheel.

Striated Antthrush Chamaeza nobilis [R] {176:1} "Poop poop poop poop poo poo poo poo poo poo poo pu pu pu pu pu pu." Owlish and rapidly descending. Equivalent to the higher elevation Short-tailed but with different tones.



Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona Xeno [FC] {180:6} "Whuu whoo whuu whuu whou whoo whoo whoo whoo." Rising and then falling slightly, hollow, owl like notes.



Chestnut-belted Gnateater Conopophaga aurita [U] {181:1} Both sexes strong eyeline below chestnut cap. Metallic rattle.

Ash-throated Gnateater Conopophaga peruviana Xeno [U] {181:2} Gray throated males. Stands erect. Fainter eyeline but raises pale areas like horns when excited. "Three-ditt  three-diittt." Sharp and sudden calls like a flycatcher.



Rusty-belted Tapaculo Liosceles thoracicus [U] {182:2} Hollow whistles "tooot    toot     toot   toot toot tewoot."



White-lored Tyrannulet Ornithion inerme [FC] {194:5} 3 1/2 inch birds, like miniature Blue-headed Vireos. Sometimes just gives high intro series. "wee wee wee weet wher where whe whe whe whe whet."

Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet Camptostoma obsoletum [U] {194:2}

Mouse-colored Tyrannulet Phaeomyias murina [FC] {194:4}

Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola [U] {189:6}

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus  [C] {194:6} "wee-HEWW    weeee HEWWW." Repeated like a whistled Eastern Phoebe call.


Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii IBC [FC] {190:6} Compare female Gray. Very yellow and green bodied. "Tweeee?    pee tweeee?"

Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps [U] {190:4} Male gray and white. Female very green and yellow. "Tsee tsee tsee see see seee    see se de de de."

Yellow-crowned Elaenia Myiopagis flavivertex [FC] {190:3} Sounds like a fast antbird call. "peer peer peer Djeer djeer djeerr djeer djeeer djeeeer." Number of djeers varies.

Large Elaenia Elaenia spectabilis [C Austral Mar-Oct] {191:2} Like a Yellow-bellied Elaenia for the lowlands. "wee pweee pweee."

Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris [C Austral Mar-Nov] {192:3} Bright white wing bar wash with some yellow on folded primaries. Often with three wingbars. Eyering. Green backed like an Empid. "peet weee wee whoo-jrrrrt."

Slaty Elaenia Elaenia strepera [R Mar, Sept-Oct] {191:3}

Brownish Elaenia Elaenia pelzelni [U River Islands] {191:5} Washed out dull browns with dull wingbars. Very odd "Tchee buh bee jee djjjeEEeee" repeated.


River Tyrannulet Serpophaga hypoleuca  [R] {193:1} Plain 4 inch Eastern Phoebe looking bird.

Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleagineus [C] {198:4}

Sepia-capped Flycatcher Leptopogon amaurocephalus [U] {188:2}

Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius gracilipes [FC] {189:4} "huueeet?   hyouuu." Spaced and questioning.

Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus obscurior Xeno [LU] {193:4} Poorly known, dark browns and grays, with dull gray to cream wingbars, very small beak. "Whee wheeEEEE       whee wheeEE       teaaaaa."

Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquatus [FC] {206:1} Pipit with a black streaked blaze on chest. Mostly a solitary walker. Likes to make bill snapping noises. "Heee U-hee-youu". Repeated.

Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant Stigmatura napensis [U River Is.] {193:6} Very active, cocked tail, looks like a yellow gnatcatcher. "Chi chi wee deee dit CHEWWW, chi chee wee diit dit CHEWW." Repetitive, bouncing chatty.


Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis ecaudatus [U] {199:2} Edges, openings and transitional forest. 2 1/2 inch gray headed tiny bird. Insect like short trills, sometimes doubled. "Tre-e-e-et".

Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus vitiosus [FC] {199:6} Pale eye, scaled crest. Primarily terra firme. Rattled "djeeeer" descending, much lower than STPT notes.

White-bellied Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus griseipectus [LC] {200:2} These damn Tody-Tyrants all look alike. "ta-TEEK  ta-TEEK." Mostly nervous double notes. Popping and sharp, squeaky.

Johannes's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus iohannis [U] {201:2} Looks just like every other damn Hemitriccus. "tew tew turre-e-e-e-e-e." Faster call compared to Zimmer's.

Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus minimus [LFC] {200:3} You cannot tell this bird visually from WBTT. Thank God it sounds nothing like it. Froggish climbing notes. "tu tu tu TI TI TI tit."

Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus latirostris [FC] {202:2} River edge and river front. Buffy eyering and tawny wing covert edges. "tchur-r-r-r-r" notes, low pitched and descending.

Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum [C] {203:3} Yellow eyed, longer beaked than YB. No yellow on head. Streaked beneath, spotted throat. Higher pitched "tipp tipp teep teep teep teep" notes.

Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum [U] {203:2} The necklaced spot breasted form in Ecuador. Bright yellow slash behind the eye. High insect "tssip tssipp tsipp tsip tsip tsip-tsip" notes repeated.


Brownish Twist-wing (Flycatcher) Cnipodectes subbrunneus [U] {204:1} Dense understory. Large flycatcher. Red-eyed. White throat patch. With longish rufous brown tail. Shaggy headed appearance. "tik tk tk tk    pee-EWW pee-EWW peww."

Olivaceous Flatbill Rhynchocyclus olivaceus [U] {204:6} Greens and yellows, very dark eyed. Upper lower mandible dark light contrast. "wee wee weE WEEE WEE whi chit." Climbing wee's with chatter at the end. Sometimes squeaky. 

Zimmer's (Yellow-margined) Flycatcher Tolmomyias assimilis [FC] {205:2} Gray headed and gray eyed, green yellow body. Upper and lower mandibles dark. "zhree zhreeee, zhreee zhreee" raspy whistles. Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens occurs on the major rivers in the area but is not listed for Tahuayo. Much less wing marking in Amazonian subspecies compared to Zimmer's. Note vocal difference.

Gray-crowned Flycatcher Tolmomyias poliocephalus [FC] {205:4} Gray crowned and paler eyed than YWF. Dark tipped beak. "tuee twee tweeee TUUEEE?" Clear rising falling whistles.

Yellow-breasted (Olive-faced) Flycatcher Tolmomyias flaviventris [viridiceps] [FC] {205:5} Very yellow breasted. No gray on head. Dark eyed. "TSWEET TSWEET" notes. Sometimes lower buildup to these sharper notes.

Golden-crowned Spadebill Platyrinchus coronatus [U] {206:4} Strong face markings and very orange golden crown. High pitched rising trill "tieee-e-e-E-E-e-e-ipp".

White-crested Spadebill Platyrinchus platyrhynchos [R] {206:2} White throat and plain face, crown can be hidden. Mainly a sharp "Breewwwpp." Repeated over and over.


Amazonian Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus [FC] {211:6} "PEE-yuk" mostly as the call note repeated.

Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Terenotriccus erythrurus [FC] {207:2} Often motionless for long periods. "Pee-heww." Faint whistle, wheezy.

Cinnamon Manakin-Tyrant Neopipo cinnamomea [R] {207:1} All cinnamon including wings except for gray crown. Even the throat is cinnamon. Dark legs compared to Ruddy. More active. "pii peee peeee PEEE pEeee peeee pee." Slow fall off rhythm downward.

Whiskered Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus [U] {197:2} Split from Sulphur rumped. Same yellow rump appearance. Mainly soft "tseet tseet" notes.

Black-tailed Flycatcher Myiobius atricaudus [FC] {197:1} May prefer varzea and drier forest. Weak "tsipp" notes mainly.

Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus [FC Austral] {207:4} Amazonian form rich reddish brown and streaky. "wee ipp     wee ipp."

Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri  [U Austral May-Oct] {209:2} Looks like one of our Empids. "DZEEE-ehrr" and "DZEE whip." Most often.

Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens [FC Boreal Sept-Apr] {210:2}

Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus  [R] {209:5} A rather plain looking bird like an Empid lightly painted with some rust on the wingbars and eyebrow. Certainly an unbelievable flycatcher call. Very frog-like laughing "Dewwy chew cheww chow."

Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum [FC Boreal Sept-Apr] {209:4}

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus [C Austral Apr-Oct] {211:1} Amazonian females with essentially no red. Sooty morphs occur around Lima not at Tahuayo.

Riverside Tyrant Knipolegus orenocensis  [U River Is.] {212:4} Male jet black with red eye. Female duller and streaked, darker overall than female ABT. "pwip pwip pwip pee tuk." Sometimes excited, sharp short notes overall.

Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus  [LU] {212:3} Poorly known. Probably more common on blackwater. Male is jet black also but dark eyed. Female like a streaky bellied Empid with some rust in the tail. Minimal "dzeet" notes.

Drab Water-Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis  [FC] {213:2} Small mouse brown with a little rust in the cap. Always near river edges. "Chip chew tree-chew tree-chew tree-chew tree-chew." Excited and fast chatter.

Black-backed Water-Tyrant Fluvicola albiventer  [U Austral] {211:4} Striking white face white belly and black back. Edges of rivers and oxbows.

White-headed Marsh-Tyrant Arundinicola leucocephala  [U] {211:2} Chipping notes. Distinctive white headed male bird. Female like a brown backed BBWT. Riverine.

Rufous-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon ruficauda [U] {204:2} Bright rufous tail and wing markings. "meeEEW yew, meeEW yew." Mellow climbing mewling notes.


Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus [C] {227:2} More streaky headed than any of these Attilas.

Citron-bellied Attila Attila citriniventris [U] {227:1} Contrasting gray head and rufous body. "wer wur wee wee wee WEE WEE WEE WEE wheewww." Rising and loud.

Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus [U] {227:3} All cinnamon, dark eye and beak. "pur WHEEErr. WHee-eer whee whee."

Dull-capped Attila Attila bolivianus [U] {227:5} Midstory of varzea and transitional forest. Bright pale eye with reddish body fading into grayer head. 2 inches larger than BRA. "whip whip whip whip whip whip whEEp wheeww."


Sirystes (Flycatcher) Sirystes sibilator [U] {222:6} Gray body, dark head and dark wings and dark tail. Like a sharply marked Myiarchus. "p'Wheer pEee puuu." Last two notes like a squeaky toy.

Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex [FC] {229:2} All gray and much smaller than the Pihas. Sounds exactly like a Red-bellied Woodpecker call with a loud "DJJIRRT" hiccough at the end.


Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer [R] {224:4} The classic "wEee-urrr."

Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni [U Austral Mar-Nov] {224:1} No rufous in tail. Sometimes masked. Lower mandible distinctly pale. "chi-wurrrR-R-R ehhr." "CHRR CHRR CHRR cheer."

Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox  [C] {224:2} Darker winged than Swainson's. Bill is wholely dark upper and lower. "trEE-E-Err." Repeated. Like a sharp Spring Peeper note.


Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus  [C] {221:3}

Lesser Kiskadee Pitangus lictor [FC] {221:2}

Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarhynchus pitangua [FC] {221:1}

Social Flycatcher Myiozetetes similis [C] {221:5}

Gray-capped Flycatcher Myiozetetes granadensis [C] {220:2}

Dusky-chested Flycatcher Myiozetetes luteiventris [U] {220:1} Western Kingbirdish in appearance. Sounds like a Myiarchus. "deww deww dew djjr djjjr djjr."

Yellow-throated Flycatcher Conopias parvus [LFC] {220:6} Looks like a small Kiskadee with no red in the wings. Distinctly yellow throated where the others are white. "teh wee wee wee."

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris [FC Boreal Sept-Apr] {219:3}

Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus [FC Austral Mar-Sept] {219:4} Significantly larger than Variegated.

Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius [FC] {219:2} No rufous in wings or tail. Actively vocal, "weeEE-eee" interspersed with "we wee wee wee weeep".

Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus [U Austral Feb-Nov] {222:3} Strong eyeline with a hidden colored crown of yellow. Edges, openings and clearings. High thin insect "tzeeet" calls.

Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius [U Austral Mar-Oct] {219:1} Like a Piratic with heavier breast streaking and pale secondary and primary wing edges. Has some rufous in the wings and tail. Silent most likely in Tahuayo area but makes a thin shrill "t'zeeee" call.


Sulphury Flycatcher Tyrannopsis sulphurea [R] {223:1} Tropical Kingbirdish in appearance. Moriche palm habitats specifically. Calls are high "tseeeE" notes.

White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis [U Austral Mar-Oct] {223:4} Like a Western Kingbird with a white head. Migrates to major rivers. High rusty twitter.

Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus [C Boreal Sept-Apr] {222:4} Flocks and communal roosts.

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus [C] {223:2}

Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana [C Austral Feb-Oct] {222:2} More common in Boreal spring and fall passage.



Purple-throated Cotinga Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema [U] {233:3} Like a Rose-breasted Grosbeak with purple. Female dark eyed and very barred, not scaly. Flycatcher like descending "Kyeeeewwww."

Plum-throated Cotinga Cotinga maynana [U] {233:6} Favors seasonally flooded forests. Male dark blue, plum throated and yellow eyed. Brown scaley female also yellow eyed. Recording is of mechanical wing sound.

Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana [U] {233:4} Dark winged and paler blue than Plum. Female dark eyed and very plain. No recordings anywhere noted. Ted says "usually silent."

Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans [C] {229:1} Plain gray brown, like a Mockercatbird. Damn amazing call. "Ooo-ah ooh-ah ooh-ah" preamble then "SQUEEE SQEEE UHHH."

Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus [FC] {233:2} Males in flight with mostly white wings above. Mostly silent with some hoots or booms during display.

Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata [FC] {229:6} "Coow uhh   cooow uh   cowww uhh" repeated.

Amazonian Umbrellabird Cephalopterus ornatus [U] {233:1} Floodplains and River islands in the Amazon. Even female is crested on forehead. Hollow "OOoooow."



White-crowned Manakin Dixiphia pipra [FC] {236:2} Females gray headed and red eyed. Calls "wrrrrrtttt-Teee." Odd other notes, defy easy description.

Blue-crowned Manakin Lepidothrix coronata [FC] {237:6} Females red eyed and yellow bellied. "swee kuh-WUERRTT" froglike, three notes.

Wire-tailed Manakin Pipra filicauda [FC] {238:1} [217:3] Varzea and seasonally flooded forest. Both sexes wire-tailed. Male striking black red yellow. Call a high pure "weeEEP." And "NEeeww" a mewling note.

Red-headed Manakin Pipra rubrocapilla [LFC] {238:4} Red head, black body. Females like all the other females.

Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pareola [LU] {237:2} Terra firme birds. Female darker blue green and red eyed. Very short tailed. "Whoo-whiiit or Wee-oo-Wittt." Whistled, clear, like you are calling your dog. Notes like a Kingbird when chatty.

White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus [U] {237:4} Terra firme birds. "Chee-leewww, and purrrt," and also with a strong electric mechanical sound, popping and serial popping.

Sulphur-bellied Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma sulphureiventer [LU] {235:3} Like a green backed and yellow bellied flycatcher. Has a yellow crown stripe. Flooded forest, near bamboo thickets. Scratchy, scrapey "Dzwhatt djerrr."

Striped Manakin Machaeropterus regulus [U] {235:1} Sneezy "clee-CHEEE."

Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes stolzmanni [FC] {235:4} 3 1/4 inch bird that calls alot. Green backed and cream bellied. "DJEWW-whiieett." Fast, explosive, first note very buzzy, second a quick whistle.

Orange-crowned Manakin Heterocercus aurantiivertex [LFC] {236:5} Larger, orange bellied, olive backed and longer tailed. Chatter, "tee ee ee ee ee ee euu."

Wing-barred Piprites (Manakin) Piprites chloris [U] {234:6} Looks like a flycatcher with yellow wingbars. Green back with yellow lores and throat. "Hoee peep peep peep peep pee-e-p-p peep peep," stuttering note toward the end. Hollow sounding notes. Like a small owl.



Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana [U] {228:1} Croaking duck call.

Masked Tityra Tityra semifasciata [C]  {228:2}

Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor [U] {228:4} Call more woodpecker-like and squeaky.

Varzea Schiffornis (Greater Manakin) Schiffornis major [U] {234:4} A cinnamon rufous Schiffornis with some greying on the head. "Heee who-ittt whoo wEEeee?" And variations. Strongly whistled, questioning.

Thrush-like (Brown-winged) Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina [U] {234:5} "teeewww  tui-cheeEEEEEE."

Cinereous Mourner Laniocera hypopyrra [U] {229:4} A Mourner with a yellow eyering. Buffy tips to the wing coverts giving its shoulders a spotted look. Call a repetitive "ee-you-wee ee-you-weee ee-you-weee eeyouweee."

White-browed Purpletuft Iodopleura isabellae Xeno [U] {228:6} Mostly black and white sparrow sized bird. Sallies for insects up high. "weee whitititit." Squeaky call but quiet mainly.


Cinereous Becard Pachyramphus rufus Xeno [R] {225:5} Poorly known. Restricted to varzea edges and forested river islands. Male black capped with gray back. Much duller wing markings than Black-capped. Female all rufous essentially. "tee chi chi chi chi chi tchee."

Chestnut-crowned Becard Pachyramphus castaneus IBC [U] {225:6} Varzea and forest edge near rivers. Gray band from lores across face, separating chestnut cap from back. Sexes similar. Smaller than Pink-throated females. "Pee peee peee peeeww." Descending.

White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus [C] {226:2} Males all black bellied with white wingbars and tail accents. WW female has more rufous on back than BB female. "Tuu tu tu tuu tu tu tuu twoo." Musical and whistled.

Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus [U] {226:3} Forest interior and Terra Firme. Males gray bellied. Wing coverts and secondaries white edged. "Heww heew wIIEttt weeee." Like a bluebird chortle, whistled.

Pink-throated Becard Pachyramphus minor [U] {225:4} Male dark and pink throated with a slash of pink. Female like many rufous bodied and gray capped becards. But no grey on female Cinereous. These are 7 inch birds, bigger than most of the rest of this genus in this area. "TeeeeEEuuuwww." Drawn and whistled.



Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis [LFC] {239:5} Easily heard, tough to see. "cheeWEE cheelu cheeWEEoo."

Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo Vireolanius leucotis [U] {239:3} Heavier beaked and in Terra Firme canopy. "Peeeurr   peeurr   peeurr   peeurrr." Repeated slurring whistle with pauses.

Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus [FC] {239:2}

Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis [LFC Mainly Austral Sept-Mar] {239:1} Calls rapid paced compared to R-EV. But variable.

Dusky-capped Greenlet Hylophilus hypoxanthus [FC] {240:4} All three greenlets smaller than Red-eyed Vireo. This species is darker eyed. "Tee whEEcheee weeyou." Warbler like.

Lemon-chested Greenlet Hylophilus thoracicus [U] {240:6} Pale eyed with bright yellow breast band. "Wee pee  wee pee  wee pee  wee pee  weee."

Gray-chested Greenlet Hylophilus semicinereus Xeno [FC] {240:5} Pale eyed like lemon but breast neutral gray. "wee wee wee wee wee wee wee wee." Uniform and plain.

Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps [LFC] {240:2} Tawny crown and pale eye. A clear descending whistle "heeeeuuu," most often.



Violaceous Jay Cyanocorax violaceus [U] {241:2} The only jay around. "Jeeeah   jeeerr   jeeeup." Very jay-like, with some flicker harshness.



White-thighed Swallow Neochelidon tibialis [U] {243:4} Small and dark with deeply notched tail. Rump with subtle pallor. Nothing else this size that appears all dark in this group here.

White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer [C] {245:2} White rump and white upper secondaries.

Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera [U] {242:1}

Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea [U] {242:2} Much like our Purple Martin in appearance and voice. Slightly higher pitched than Purple. Also a rolling descending "tree tre tree treee tree deww dew dew."

Purple Martin Progne subis [R Boreal] {242:3.5} Aug and Sept in the Iquitoes area.

Southern Martin Progne elegans [FC Austral] {242:4} Winters in large numbers near Iquitoes. Migrates southward. Female very different from Purple but males very close. Calls are trills and chatter instead of our Martin warbling tones.

Blue-and-White Swallow Notiochelidon cyanoleuca [C Austral] {243:2}

White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata [C] {243:7} Distinct white band across the chest. A pleasant twitter.

Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis [FC] {244:4}

Sand Martin (Bank Swallow) Riparia riparia [U Boreal] {244:1}

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica [C Boreal] {244:2}

Cliff Swallow Hirundo pyrrhonota [R Boreal] {244:5}



Thrush-like Wren Campylorhynchus turdinus [FC] {246:1} 7 inch spackled Mockingbird. Harsh ringing duets. "Too two two SCHOCK, two twoo twoo SCHOCK."

Buff-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucotis [LC] {248:7} Muted pale face, rufous body, wings and tail. Characteristic "psst Tcheww tcheww     psstt tcheww tcheww."

Moustached Wren Thryothorus genibarbis [C] {248:2} Stripe faced and red backed look. Varied vocals. "DJEERs" thrown in. "chew chew chew chew chew."

Southern House Wren Troglodytes aedon [C] {250:2}

Scaly-breasted (Southern Nightingale) Wren Microcerculus marginatus [FC] {247:4} Very white throat and upper chest, dull dark brown upper otherwise. Walks and teeters hind end. Whistles single notes, up-down, in and out of tune, variable pauses like it has sometimes lost the melody or the reason for singing. Series sometimes going for two minutes or more. 

Musician Wren Cyphorhinus arada IBC Xeno [U] {247:2} Dark, mostly rufous, often travels in pairs. Occasionally follows ants. The mad whistler. Takes up many patterns of whistled phrases. Like a happy drunk. Pauses between. Some rattling preludes.



Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus [U] {251:2} Plain gray-brown with no face contrast.

Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plumbea [C] {251:2}



Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapillus [FC] {250:4} "Whoop whoop whoop whoo-iit whoo-iittt," vaguely cardinal like with some screeching subtext.



Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus [C Boreal]  {253:4}

Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus [R Boreal] {253:3}

Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobilis [FC] {256:2} Gray brown with white throat. Harsher two and three note phrases, fairly hurried.

Lawrence's Thrush Turdus lawrencii Xeno [FC] {255:1} Like our Robin only darker brown beneath. Nice eye ring. Orange bill. Like disjunct Mockingbird phrases, with whistles sometimes very high pitched. Sounds imitative. With regular heavy pauses.

Hauxwell's Thrush Turdus hauxwelli [U]  {256:4} Pretty rufous overall with dark ring on eye. Dark bill. Much faster phrasing like a more typical Turdus. Less pausing, more Robin singing.

White-necked Thrush Turdus albicollis [U] {255:2} White throat mark beneath streaking. "Wheewww." Echoing call. Phrasing fast with vibrato.



Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata  [U Boreal] {292:4}

Buff-rumped Warbler Basileuterus fulvicauda [FC] {295:5}



Bananaquit Coereba flaveola [FC] {293:5}

Magpie Tanager Cissopis leverianus  [FC] {257:5}

Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza melanoleuca [R] {257:7} Terra firme canopy.

Hooded Tanager Nemosia pileata [FC] {273:2} Forests along large river courses.

Orange-headed Tanager Thlypopsis sordida [U] {260:5} Yellow orange head sharply demarcated from gray body.

Yellow-backed Tanager Hemithraupis flavicollis [U] {260:2} Males dark backed with yellow throat and yellow rump.

Guira Tanager Hemithraupis guira [LU] {260:2}

Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis penicillata [U] {262:5} Gray head is shaggy crested with pale feathers.

White-winged Shrike-Tanager Lanio versicolor [U] {262:2}


Yellow-crested Tanager Tachyphonus rufiventer [FC] {261:4}

Fulvous-crested Tanager Tachyphonus surinamus [U] {261:1}

White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus luctuosus [FC] {261:6}

Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo [C] {257:2}

Masked Crimson Tanager Ramphocelus nigrogularis [FC] {257:3} Black belly and wings over cardinal red Ramphocelus. Sweet "wheet tyou teeyou   wheet tyou twyoo."


Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus [C] {263:5}

Palm Tanager Thraupis palmarum [C] {263:4}


Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia [U] {270:3} Striking with pale rump and mostly purple body.

Opal-crowned Tanager Tangara callophrys [U] {270:4} Similar to OR but golden brow boomerang.

Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis [C] {270:2} Yellow faced with bright color patch markings.

Green-and-gold Tanager Tangara schrankii [FC] {269:7} Budgie colored with black face mask.

Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra [U] {269:5} Like G&G with no fask mask and some scaling.

Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta [FC] {269:2} Lavender hooded, dark blue and purple body.

Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana [FC] {270:1} Yellow shoulder marks and belly over dark purple and black.

Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola [FC] {269:4}


Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana [FC] {272:3}

Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata [FC] {272:2} Bright yellow eye on the strong face mask.

Yellow-bellied Dacnis Dacnis flaviventer [U] {272:1} Oriole like colors with yellow moustache in male and full yellow belly. Female plain brown with light mottling.

White-bellied Dacnis Dacnis albiventris [R] {272:4} Rare, masked with purple head and wings and a white belly. Bright yellow eye in both sexes.


Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza [FC] {271:1}

Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus [U] {272:6} Like a short beaked Purple with red legs.

Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus [C] {272:7}

Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus [LFC] {272:5} Strong blue crown and black back mark with red legs compared to Purple.

Bicolored Conebill Conirostrum bicolor [R] {272:4}

Pearly-breasted Conebill Conirostrum margaritae [R] {272:4}


Swallow Tanager Tersina viridis [FC] {270:7} Rising high "t'seeEE".

Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus [FC] {290:2} "Tsee tsee peer puhr see you." And variations.

Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens [FC] {291:1}

Slate-colored (Slaty) Grosbeak Saltator grossus [FC] {291:5}

Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak Parkerthraustes humeralis [R] {290:1} Like a black masked Saltator. Yellow-green backed.



Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia jacarina [C]  {283:2}

Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineola [U Oct-May] {284:2} Often with Lesson's. Only males separable. White crown mark and moustache.

Lesson's Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides [U Oct-May] {284:1} White moustache mark, dark crown.

Caqueta Seedeater Sporophila murallae [FC] {284:2} Looks like a Variable. White throat slash.

Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris [C] {285:3}

Large-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus crassirostris [R] {286:3} An inch shorter than BBSF and with a very pale bill in both sexes.

Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis [C] {285:3}

Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis [C] {286:7} Voice like our cardinal with broken phrasing.

Yellow-browed Sparrow Ammodramus aurifrons [C] {277:2}



Summer Tanager Piranga rubra [U Boreal] {274:1}

Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea [U Boreal] {274:4}

Red-crowned Ant-Tanager Habia rubica [FC] {264:5}

Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides [U] {290:4}



Oriole Blackbird Gymnomystax mexicanus [FC] {299:7} Black wings, back and tail on a yellow body. Noises like our grackle. Like a golden bellied grackle.

Velvet-fronted Grackle Lampropsar tanagrinus [U] {298:6} Small dark beak compared to all dark Caciques. Nasal bubbling notes "whit too CHeww cheww, whit whit..."

Yellow-hooded Blackbird Chrysomus icterocephalus [LFC] {300:2} Exactly like our Yellow-headed Blackbird.

Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis [C] {298:2}

Giant Cowbird Scaphidura oryzivora [FC] {298:1}

Moriche (Epaulet) Oriole Icterus chrysocephalus [FC] {299:2} Like a Cacique with a yellow nape and crown. Slow paced Robin phrasing but with whistles and trills.

Orange-backed Troupial Icterus croconotus [FC] {299:5} Big oriole with a white wing patch on black wings and black face mask, otherwise orange. "HUUEEETT? too too too HUUEEET?"

Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela [C] Yellow shoulder marks and yellow rump and tail base. Voice like a chatty parrot tormenting a monkey with a taser. And imitates parrots themselves.

Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous [U] {297:7} Only red rump here. Chatty but does not imitate parrots.

Solitary (Black) Cacique Cacicus solitarius [U] {298:7} Chunkier than Ecuadorian, with dark eye. Froglike "gwahhhh." And "teer teer teer."

Crested Oropendola Psarocolius decumanus [FC] {296:5}Mostly blackish, like a giant Cacique. "glug e-e-e-e-e-e-e Bop" central tones like someone working the teeth of a comb. Impressive call.

Green Oropendola Psarocolius viridis [R]  {296:4} Broad yellow lateral tail, rufous belly, otherwise green with pale beak. Blue eyed. Compare the much commoner Russet-backed. "glug lug glug glug glug oww bububup." Liquid and rising.

Russet-backed Oropendola Psarocolius angustifrons [C] {296:} Dark eyed with minimal rust on belly. Amazonian form has an all dark bill. "g-g-gooo puck achEEoo." A gurgle followed by a trill.

Casqued Oropendola Clypicterus oseryi [U]  {296:3} Smaller 15 inch bird. Pale eye. Dark rufous over most of back and body. Green throat and upper breast. Yellow beak and faceplate. Forest interior bird. Loud "djEERRROOPP." From distance just sounds like a yelp "djjowwwppp."

Olive Oropendola Psarocolius bifasciatus [FC] {296:6} 20 inch males. Pink facial mark below eye. Gray black beak with red tip. Rolling "g g g-r-r-r-r r r cu cUU ROH."

Band-tailed Oropendola Ocyalus latirostris [U] {297:1} Liquid parrot-like noises with "choo, gluck rhawww, gee lunnk wowwhhh, cheww unnkh" noises.



Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica [C] {303:4} Dark throat, half cap. Tail coverts are yellow as opposed to similar WVE which has white tail coverts.

Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster [C] {303:3} Dark throated males.

White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta [U] {303:6} Yellow cap only back to eyes (half cap) and dark throated males.

Thick-billed Euphonia Euphonia laniirostris [FC] {303:2} Males same pattern as OBE but in yellow. Bill distinctly bigger in both sexes.

Rufous-bellied Euphonia Euphonia rufiventris [FC] {303:1} Males with no color cap, dark throated.

White-lored (Golden-bellied) Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta [FC] {304:2} Gray capped males, all golden beneath. Females with distinct gray belly, yellow rump, gray cap.